Medical, Academic & Legal Citations

Laser Hair Removal

1. Asiri, M., Alharbi, M., Alkadi, T., Abouammoh, M., Al-Amry, M., ALZahrani, Y., Alsulaiman, S. (2017). Ocular injuries secondary to alexandrite laser-assisted hair removal. Canadian Ophthalmological Society, 2017 Apr;52(2):e71-e75. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjo.2016.09.013. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28457309

2. Kulkin, J., Flash, S. (2010). Laser Hair Removal. Cosmetic Procedures in Gynecology: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America, 2010 Dec. Vol 37, Issue 4:477-487. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21093743

3. Bashour, M., et al. (2007). Laser Hair Removal. Medscape eMedicine, 2007, Sept 27. https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/843831-treatment#d16

4. Nanni, CA., Alster, TS. (1999). Laser-assisted hair removal: side effects of Q-switched Nd:YAG, long-pulsed ruby, and alexandrite lasers. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 1999 Aug;41(2 Pt 1):165-71. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10426883

5. Kulkin, J., Flash, S. (2010). Laser Hair Removal. Cosmetic Procedures in Gynecology: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America, 2010 Dec. Vol 37, Issue 4:477-487. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21093743

Laser Hair Removal Body Parts

1. Asiri M., Alharbi M., Alkadi T., Abouammoh M., Al-Amry M., ALZahrani Y., Alsulaiman S. (2017). Ocular injuries secondary to alexandrite laser-assisted hair removal. Canadian Ophthalmological Society, 2017 Apr;52(2):e71-e75. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjo.2016.09.013. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28457309

2. Ga. Comp. R. & Regs. R. 360-35-.10. Authority: O.C.G.A.§§ 43-34-5, 43-34-251. Rules of the Georgia Composite Medical Board. F. Sep. 14, 2015; eff. Oct. 4, 2015. http://rules.sos.state.ga.us/GAC/360-35-.10

Laser Hair Removal Safety

1. Nanni, CA., Alster, TS. (1999). Laser-assisted hair removal: side effects of Q-switched Nd:YAG, long-pulsed ruby, and alexandrite lasers. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 1999 Aug;41(2 Pt 1):165-71. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10426883

Smartlipo

1. Katz, B., McBean, J., (2008). Laser-assisted lipolysis: A report on complications. Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy. 2008; 10: Pages 231–233. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19016103

2. Reynaud J., Skibinski M., Wassmer B., Rochon P., Mordon S., (2009). Lipolysis using a 980-nm diode laser: a retrospective analysis of 534 procedures. Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. 2009 Jan; 33(1):28-36. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18972152

3. Ali, Y., (2018). Laser-assisted Lipolysis Burn Safety: Proposed Detailed Parameters with Assessment of Their Efficacy and Safety. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery – Global Open. 2018 Oct 3; 6(10)e1934. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30534493

4. Melkerson, Mark. “Re: K083795.” Department of Health & Human Services, Food and Drug Administration. 31 October 2006. Letter. https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/cdrh_docs/pdf6/K062321.pdf

5. DiBernardo, B., Reyes, J., (2009). Preliminary Report: Evaluation of Skin Tightening After Laser-Assisted Liposuction. Aesthetic Surgery Journal, Volume 29, Issue 5, September 2009, Pages 400–407, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asj.2009.08.006 https://academic.oup.com/asj/article/29/5/400/199808

Smartlipo Safety for Dark Skin Patients

1. Reynaud J., Skibinski M., Wassmer B., Rochon P., Mordon S., (2009). Lipolysis using a 980-nm diode laser: a retrospective analysis of 534 procedures. Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. 2009 Jan; 33(1):28-36. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18972152

2. Ali, Y., (2018). Laser-assisted Lipolysis Burn Safety: Proposed Detailed Parameters with Assessment of Their Efficacy and Safety. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery – Global Open. 2018 Oct 3; 6(10)e1934. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30534493

Fat Redistribution After Liposuction

1. MacLean P., Higgins J., Giles E., Sherk V., Jackman M., (2015). The role for adipose tissue in weight regain after weight loss. Obesity Reviews. 2015 Feb;16 Suppl 1:45-54. doi: 10.1111/obr.12255. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25614203

Smartlipo on the Inner Thighs

1. DiBernardo, B., Reyes, J., (2009). Preliminary Report: Evaluation of Skin Tightening After Laser-Assisted Liposuction. Aesthetic Surgery Journal, Volume 29, Issue 5, September 2009, Pages 400–407, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asj.2009.08.006 https://academic.oup.com/asj/article/29/5/400/199808

2. Katz, B., McBean, J., (2008). Laser-assisted lipolysis: A report on complications. Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy. 2008; 10: Pages 231–233. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19016103

Liposuction After Abdominoplasty

1. Daniel Brauman, MBBS, MD, FACS; Rene R. W. J. van der Hulst, MD, PhD,; Berend van der Lei, MD, PhD (2018). Liposuction Assisted Abdominoplasty: An Enhanced Abdominoplasty Technique. September 2018; https://dx.doi.org/10.1097%2FGOX.0000000000001940 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191222/

2. Katz, B., McBean, J., (2008). Laser-assisted lipolysis: A report on complications. Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy. 2008; 10: Pages 231–233. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19016103

3. DiBernardo, B., Reyes, J., (2009). Preliminary Report: Evaluation of Skin Tightening After Laser-Assisted Liposuction. Aesthetic Surgery Journal, Volume 29, Issue 5, September 2009, Pages 400–407, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asj.2009.08.006 https://academic.oup.com/asj/article/29/5/400/199808

Double Chin Liposuction

1. Dong, J., Amir, Y., Goldenberg, G., (2017). Advances in Minimally Invasive and Noninvasive Treatments for Submental Fat. Cosmetic Dermatology. Jan 2017; 99;20–23. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28207010

2. DiBernardo, B., Reyes, J., (2009). Preliminary Report: Evaluation of Skin Tightening After Laser-Assisted Liposuction. Aesthetic Surgery Journal, Volume 29, Issue 5, September 2009, Pages 400–407, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asj.2009.08.006 https://academic.oup.com/asj/article/29/5/400/199808

Smartlipo vs. Traditional Liposuction

1. DiBernardo, B., Reyes, J., (2009). Preliminary Report: Evaluation of Skin Tightening After Laser-Assisted Liposuction. Aesthetic Surgery Journal, Volume 29, Issue 5, September 2009, Pages 400–407, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asj.2009.08.006 https://academic.oup.com/asj/article/29/5/400/199808

2. Katz, B., McBean, J., (2008). Laser-assisted lipolysis: A report on complications. Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy. 2008; 10: Pages 231–233. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19016103

Different Types of Laser Liposuction

1. DiBernardo, B., Reyes, J., (2009). Preliminary Report: Evaluation of Skin Tightening After Laser-Assisted Liposuction. Aesthetic Surgery Journal, Volume 29, Issue 5, September 2009, Pages 400–407, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asj.2009.08.006 https://academic.oup.com/asj/article/29/5/400/199808

2. Melkerson, Mark. “Re: K083795.” Department of Health & Human Services, Food and Drug Administration. 31 October 2006. Letter. https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/cdrh_docs/pdf6/K062321.pdf

SculpSure

1. Stevenson, Jennifer. “Re: K17111.” Department of Health & Human Services, Food and Drug Administration. 13 June 2017. Letter. https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/cdrh_docs/pdf17/K171111.pdf

2. Schilling, L., Saedi, N., & Weiss, R. (2017). 1060 nm Diode Hyperthermic Laser Lipolysis: The Latest in Non-Invasive Body Contouring. Journal of Drugs in Dermatology, 2017, 16(1),48-52. https://sa1s3.patientpop.com/assets/docs/30383.pdf

3. Decorato, J. W., Chen, B., & Sierra, R. (2017). Subcutaneous adipose tissue response to a non-invasive hyperthermic treatment using a 1060 nm laser. Lasers in Surgery and Medicine, 49(5), 480-489. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28103642

miraDry®

1. Melkerson, Mark. “Re: K103014.” Department of Health & Human Services, Food and Drug Administration. 20 January 2011. Letter. https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/cdrh_docs/pdf10/K103014.pdf

2. Glaser D., Coleman W., Fan L., Kaminer M., Kilmer S., Nossa R., Smith S., O’Shaughnessy K., (2012). A randomized, blinded clinical evaluation of a novel microwave device for treating axillary hyperhidrosis: the dermatologic reduction in underarm perspiration study. Dermatologic Surgery. 2012 Feb;38(2):185-91. doi: 10.1111/j.1524-4725.2011.02250.x. Epub 2012 Jan 30. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22289389

3. Nawrocki S., Cha J., (2019). The Etiology, Diagnosis and Management of Hyperhidrosis: A Comprehensive Review. Part II. Therapeutic Options. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 2019 Jan 30. pii: S0190-9622(19)30167-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2018.11.066. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30710603

4. Li H., Zhou G., Fu X., Zhang L., (2009). Antigen expression of human eccrine sweat glands. Therapeutic Options. Journal of Cutaneous Pathology. 36(3):318-324, March 2009. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19032382

5. Taylor N., Machado-Moreira C., (2013). Regional variations in transepidermal water loss, eccrine sweat gland density, sweat secretion rates and electrolyte composition in resting and exercising humans. Extreme Physiology & Medicine. 2013; 2:4. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3710196/

What is Hyperhidrosis?

1. Leung A., Chan P., Choi M., (2008). Hyperhidrosis. International Journal of Dermatology. 1999; Aug; 38(8):561-7. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10487442

2. Nawrocki, S., Cha J., (2019). The Etiology, Diagnosis and Management of Hyperhidrosis: A Comprehensive Review. Part II. Therapeutic Options. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 2019 Jan 30. pii: S0190-9622(19)30167-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2018.11.066. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30710603

3. Chih-Ho Hong, H., Lupin, M., O’Shaughnessy, K., (2012). Clinical Evaluation of a Microwave Device for Treating Axillary Hyperhidrosis. Therapeutic Options. Dermatologic Surgery. 2012 May; 38(5): 728–735. Published online 2012 Mar 27. doi: 10.1111/j.1524-4725.2012.02375.x. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3489040/

miraDry® for Hands and Feet

1. Melkerson, Mark. “Re: K103014.” Department of Health & Human Services, Food and Drug Administration. 20 January 2011. Letter. https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/cdrh_docs/pdf10/K103014.pdf

Is there Compensatory Sweating?

1. Taylor, N., Machado-Moreira C., (2013). Regional variations in transepidermal water loss, eccrine sweat gland density, sweat secretion rates and electrolyte composition in resting and exercising humans. Extreme Physiology & Medicine. 2013; 2:4. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3710196/

2. Li H., Zhou G., Fu X., Zhang L., (2009). Antigen expression of human eccrine sweat glands. Therapeutic Options. Journal of Cutaneous Pathology. 36(3):318-324, March 2009. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19032382

miraDry® vs Botox® for Axillary Hyperhidrosis

1. Nawrocki S., Cha J., (2019). The Etiology, Diagnosis and Management of Hyperhidrosis: A Comprehensive Review. Part II. Therapeutic Options. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 2019 Jan 30. pii: S0190-9622(19)30167-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2018.11.066. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30710603

2. Glaser D., Coleman W., Fan L., Kaminer M., Kilmer S., Nossa R., Smith S., O’Shaughnessy K., (2012). A randomized, blinded clinical evaluation of a novel microwave device for treating axillary hyperhidrosis: the dermatologic reduction in underarm perspiration study. Dermatologic Surgery. 2012 Feb;38(2):185-91. doi: 10.1111/j.1524-4725.2011.02250.x. Epub 2012 Jan 30. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22289389

3. Li H., Zhou G., Fu X., Zhang L., (2009). Antigen expression of human eccrine sweat glands. Therapeutic Options. Journal of Cutaneous Pathology. 36(3):318-324, March 2009. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19032382

Laser Tattoo Removal

1. Alster, TS., (2017). Laser Tattoo Removal: An Update. American Journal of Clinical Dermatology. 2017; 18: Pages 59-65. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27722955

2. Serup, J., (2017). Guide to Treatment of Tattoo Complications and Tattoo Removal. Current Problems in Dermatology. 2017; 52: Pages 132-138. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28288463

3. Hutton, C., (2017). Tattoo removal by Q-switched yttrium aluminum garnet laser: client satisfaction. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology. 2017; 31(5): Pages 904-909. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28107564

4. Gold, M., (2009). Tattoo removal with an electro-optic Q-switched Nd:YAG laser with a unique pulse dispersion. Cosmetic Dermatology. 2009; 33(4). https://www.mdedge.com/dermatology/article/68736/aesthetic-dermatology/tattoo-removal-electro-optic-q-switched-ndyag-laser

5. El-Domyati, M., (2019). Tattoo removal by Q-switched Nd: YAG laser: an objective evaluation using histometry. Journal of Cosmetic Laser Therapy. 2019; 22: Pages 1-4. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31006285

6. Makowska, A., (2015). Long-term evaluation of ink clearance in tattoos with different color intensity using the 1064-nm Q-switched Nd:YAG laser. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology. 2015; 14(4): Pages 302-309. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26133780

7. Leong, H., (2006). Treatment of acquired bilateral nevus of ota-like macules (Hori’s Nevus) with combination 532nm Q-switched Nd:YAG laser followed by 1064nm Q-switched Nd:YAG is more effective: Prospective Study. Dermatologic Surgery. 2006; 32: Pages 34-40. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1524-4725.2006.32004

8. Klein, A., (2014). An Internet-based survey on characteristics of laser tattoo removal and associated side effects. Lasers in Medical Science. 2014; 29(2): Pages 729-738. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23907603

9. Williams, N., (2014). Quality-switched laser tattoo removal. Journal of American Academy of PAs. 2014; 27(6): Pages 53-56. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24853159

Does Laser Tattoo Removal Hurt?

1. Gold, M., (2009). Tattoo removal with an electro-optic Q-switched Nd:YAG laser with a unique pulse dispersion. Cosmetic Dermatology. 2009; 33(4). https://www.mdedge.com/dermatology/article/68736/aesthetic-dermatology/tattoo-removal-electro-optic-q-switched-ndyag-laser

Is Laser Tattoo Removal Safe for Dark Skin?

1. Leong, H., (2006). Treatment of acquired bilateral nevus of ota-like macules (Hori’s Nevus) with combination 532nm Q-switched Nd:YAG laser followed by 1064nm Q-switched Nd:YAG is more effective: Prospective Study. Dermatologic Surgery. 2006; 32: Pages 34-40. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1524-4725.2006.32004

2. Hutton, C., (2017). Tattoo removal by Q-switched yttrium aluminum garnet laser: client satisfaction. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology. 2017; 31(5): Pages 904-909. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28107564

Laser Tattoo Removal Aftercare Tips

1. Klein, A., (2014). An Internet-based survey on characteristics of laser tattoo removal and associated side effects. Lasers in Medical Science. 2014; 29(2): Pages 729-738. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23907603

Laser vs. Dermabrasion Tattoo Removal

1. Malca, N (2017). Dealing with tattoos in plastic surgery. Annales de Chirurgie Plastique Esthetique. 2017; 62: Pages e15-e21. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27751741

2. Peris, Z. (2002). Removal of traumatic and decorative tattoos by dermabrasion. Acta Dermatovnerologic Croatica. 2002; 10(1): Pages 15-19. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12137726

3. Naga, LI (2017). Laser Tattoo Removal: An Update. American Journal of Clinical Dermatology. 2017; 18(1): Pages 59-65. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27722955

Q-switched Lasers Used for Tattoo Removal

1. Naga, LI (2017). Laser Tattoo Removal: An Update. American Journal of Clinical Dermatology. 2017; 18(1): Pages 59-65. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27722955

2. Makowska, A. (2015). Long-term evaluation of ink clearance in tattoos with different color intensity using the 1064-nm Q-switched Nd:YAG laser. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology. 2015; 14(4): Pages 302-309. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26133780

3. Leong, Hock. (2006). Treatment of acquired bilateral nevus of ota-like macules (Hori’s Nevus) with combination 532nm Q-switched Nd:YAG laser followed by 1064nm Q-switched Nd:YAG is more effective: Prospective Study. Dermatologic Surgery. 2006; 32: Pages 34-40. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1524-4725.2006.32004

4. Hutton, Carlsen. (2017). Tattoo removal by Q-switched yttrium aluminum garnet laser: client satisfaction. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology. 2017; 31(5): Pages 904-909. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28107564

5. Gold, M. (2009). Tattoo removal with an electro-optic Q-switched Nd:YAG laser with a unique pulse dispersion. Cosmetic Dermatology. 2009; 33(4). https://www.mdedge.com/dermatology/article/68736/aesthetic-dermatology/tattoo-removal-electro-optic-q-switched-ndyag-laser

6. Torbeck, RL. (2019). Evolution of the Picosecond Laser: A Review of Literature. Dermatologic Surgery. 2019; 45(2): Pages 183-194. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30702447

7. El-Domyati, M. (2019). Tattoo removal by Q-switched Nd: YAG laser: an objective evaluation using histometry. Journal of Cosmetic Laser Therapy. 2019; 22: Pages 1-4. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31006285

8. Alster, TS. (1995). Q-switched alexandrite laser treatment (755 nm) of professional and amateur tattoos. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 1995; 33(1): Pages 69-73. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7601949

9. Hautazrt. (1999). [Tattoo removal Q-switched ruby laser (694 nm) and the Q-switched Nd:YAG laser (532 and 1064 nm). A retrospective study]. 1999; 50(3): Pages 174-180. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10231686

10. Dernstein, EF. (2010). Treatment of tattoos with a 755-nm Q-switched alexandrite laser and novel 1064 nm and 532 nmNd:YAG laser handpieces pumped by the alexandrite treatment beam. Journal of Drugs in Dermatology. 2010; 9(11) Pages 1333-1339. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21061754

11. Kilmer, SL. (1993). Clinical use of the Q-switched ruby and the Q switched Nd:YAG (1064 nm and 532 nm) lasers for treatment of tattoos. Journal of Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery. 1993; 19(4): Pages 330-338. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8478472

12. Klein, A (2014). An Internet-based survey on characteristics of laser tattoo removal and associated side effects. Lasers in Medical Science. 2014; 29(2): Pages 729-738. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23907603

Skin Resurfacing

1. Johnson, D., (2016). Skin Resurfacing Procedures of the Upper Face. Atlas of the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America. 2016; 24(2): Pages 117-124. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27499470

2. Alexiades-Armenakas, M., (2008). The spectrum of laser skin resurfacing: nonablative, fractional, and ablative laser resurfacing. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 2008; 58(5): Pages 738-740. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18423256

3. Ciocon, D., (2011). Non-ablative lasers. Current Problems in Dermatology. 2011; 42: Pages 48-55. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21865798

4. Alexis, A., (2016). Nonablative Fractional Laser Resurfacing for Acne Scarring in Patients With Fitzpatrick Skin Phototypes IV-VI. Dermatologic Surgery. 2016; 42(3): Pages 392-402. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26945321

5. Omi, T., (2014). The Role of the CO2 Laser and Fractional CO2 Laser in Dermatology. Laser Therapy. 2014; 23(1): Pages 49-60. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24771971

6. O’Connor, A., (2018). Chemical peels: A review of current practice. Australasian Journal of Dermatology. 2018; 59 (3): Pages 171-181. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29064096

7. El-Domyati, M (2016). Microdermabrasion: a clinical, histometric, and histopathologic study. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology. 2016; 15(4): Pages 503-513. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27357600